Cutting-edge knee treatment for adults and children

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Orthopaedic Specialists brings together a team of leading knee experts from across Europe, who are all  global leaders in their respective fields and have been instrumental in developing many of the ground-breaking treatments they use. Working individually or as a team,  patients can be reassured that they will get the most appropriate treatment.

Professor Adrian Wilson is a world-leading knee and sports injury specialist who has pioneered a number of evidence-based techniques for knee preservation and repair. These include new, minimally invasive procedures for knee realignment (osteotomy) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair.

Professor Wilson and Mr Raghbir Khakha have together developed a revolutionary way of carrying out knee replacements, offering patients less pain, a quicker recovery and shorter operating time. They regularly work as a team, treating patients with osteoarthritis, sports injuries and run dedicated clinics for children’s knee problems at The Children’s Knee Clinic at The Portland Hospital for Women and Children in London.

Mr Ronald van Heerwaarden is a worldwide authority with an international practice specialising in osteotomy surgery. He is also a leading specialist in limb deformity correction.

Professor Philip Schoettle is an internationally recognised expert in reconstructive knee surgery, and is known most widely for his surgical expertise in treating kneecap (patella) dislocation and instability.

Together, Professor Wilson, Mr van Heerwaarden and Mr Khakha have set up the London Knee Osteotomy Centre, which brings together leading osteotomy surgeons from across Europe, all passionate about, and dedicated to, joint preservation.

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London Knee Osteotomy Centre

Knee anatomy

The knee joint is made up of two parts. The part of the knee between the end of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the shin bone (tibia) is called the tibiofemoral joint. The patellofemoral joint is between the end of the thigh bone (femur) and the kneecap (patella).

The knee joint is surrounded by synovial fluid which keeps it lubricated. The bones are covered by smooth joint surface (articular) cartilage that allows them to glide smoothly together without friction. If the joint surface is damaged through wear and tear or a knee injury, arthritis can develop.

Cruciate ligaments
These are found inside your knee joint. They cross each other to form an “X” with the anterior cruciate ligament in front and the posterior cruciate ligament at the back. The cruciate ligaments control the back and forth motion of your knee.

Collateral ligaments
These are found on the sides of your knee. The medial or “inside” collateral ligament (MCL) connects the femur to the tibia. The lateral or “outside” collateral ligament (LCL) connects the femur to the smaller bone in the lower leg (fibula). The collateral ligaments control the sideways motion of your knee and brace it against unusual movement.

There are two meniscal cartilages in the knee that act as shock absorbers – one on the inner and one on the outer side. They sit between the curved lower part of the thigh bone and the flat upper part of the shin bone. Their job is to evenly distribute the load from the thigh bone to shin bone when walking and to provide knee stability. If the menisci are damaged, this can cause the cartilage beneath to become damaged and develop arthritis.

Knee anatomy

Knee treatments

Wake boarder

Knee cartilage surgery

Although minor damage to the cartilage may heal by itself, more severe injuries usually need surgical treatment. This is normally carried..

Painful knee

Knee distraction

Joint distraction uses the body’s natural healing processes to repair damaged cartilage in the knee. During minimally invasive joint..

Group of runners

Knee keyhole surgery

Keyhole surgery, or arthroscopy, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that enables the surgeon to examine inside of the knee. It is..

Rugby game

Knee ligament surgery

Orthopaedic Specialists offers world leading expertise in knee ligament surgery, headed up by Professor Adrian Wilson who has pioneered..

elderly man out walking in the park

Knee replacement surgery

The knee is divided into three compartments: the medial (inner), the lateral (outer) and the patello-femoral. Any of these compartments can..

high jumper

Knee tendon surgery

Knee tendon repair surgery is often carried out to treat a patella tendon tear. The procedure involves reattaching the torn tendon to the..

Senior couple out for a run

Meniscal surgery

If the menisci, or shock-absorbing cartilages, are damaged or torn, there are a number of different types of surgery available. Wherever..

Knee conditions

Runner with knee problems

Knee cartilage injuries

Within the knee joint, the cartilage – the joint surface covering the ends of the bones – acts as a shock absorber that cushions the bones,..

runner with knee dislocation

Knee dislocation

A dislocated knee is a serious injury in which the thigh bone (femur) and the shin bone (tibia) become disconnected...

Snowboarding

Knee ligament injuries

Knee ligaments connect the bones and cartilage, as well as holding together and supporting the knee joint. They are made of tough, rubbery..

Knee tendon injuries

Knee tendon injuries

Tendons connect muscles to bones. They are made of strong, flexible bands of tissue that help your bones and joints to move when your..

Sports injuries

Sports injuries can affect the ligaments and tendons around the knee. Ligaments are the thick bands of rubbery tissue connecting bones at..

Patient stories